9- to 12-Year-Old Curriculum

In contrast to a grade-level classroom where a child has one year to cover certain learning objectives, the Montessori elementary classroom provides flexibility over several years.

Our elementary classroom is divided into four areas: Mathematics, Language, Culture (which includes history, geography, and science), and Computers. Each child is supplied with journals to record his daily work. These serve as organizational tools for the student, fostering his independent learning. In addition to core subjects offered, our curriculum includes, Physical Education, Computer class, Spanish, Art, Music and Movement, Chorus, pre-band, and band instrument instruction.


Emphasis is put on fluency, comprehension, correct grammar, creative writing, and the use of references both in the school and the community. The children write and perform plays for their own amusement. All of this is interrelated with the other "core" subjects.


Continuing from the pre-school foundation, all concepts are introduced with concrete materials-from basic operations through squaring, cubing, prime factors, square roots, geometry, and algebra. All concepts are given when the child is ready and not at a given chronological age. Our students constantly work above expected grade level.


The Culture area is one of the favorites. There is always an air of excitement and anticipation. The children actually participate in their learning and link all cultural aspects together. They look at earth in geography and link social and economic development with the physical geography that affects it. Science may be enhanced by a specialist doing experiments with the children-again, hand-on involvement is used with the students. The classroom may contain a wide variety of animals for the children to study and take care of.

Art, music, and physical education vitalize the already integrated Montessori elementary prepared environment. Art projects are natural extensions of classroom work. For example, a child may make a tapestry of geometric figures, a three-dimensional salt map of a continent, or a mural of Colonial life. All of these projects reinforce and expand academic skills and artistic sensitivities. The schools may have annual art shows and musical performances.

Music activities complement the child's work. National anthems, folk songs, and historical ballads key into the social studies areas, for instance. Writing music and plays provides occasion for dramatic integration of the arts-drama, speech, painting, and literature.

Upper Elementary Level: Ages 9-12 Curriculum

Practical Life

  • Community meetings:
    • Conflict resolution
    • Respect for self, peers, and environment
  • Grace and courtesy:
    • Manners
    • Classroom protocol
    • Visitors
    • Care of indoor and outdoor environments
  • Community service:
    • Daily class jobs
    • Recycling
    • Social conscience and community projects
  • Field Studies: related curricular studies
  • Environmental trips:
    • Team building activities
    • Interdisciplinary studies
  • Time management:
    • Planning skills and work organization


  • Life Science:
    • Tree of Life
    • Animal/Plant classification
    • Structure/Function of internal and external parts and systems
    • Ecology
    • Cell theory
    • Life cycles
  • Human body:
    • Senses
    • Systems
    • Health and nutrition
  • Earth science:
    • Solar system
    • Weather
    • Astronomy
    • Oceanography
    • Geology and mineralogy
  • Physical science:
    • Gravity
    • Magnetism
    • Light
    • Sound
    • Electricity
    • Motion
    • Heat
  • Experiments and scientific method:
    • Chemistry


  • Math fact memorization
  • Concrete to abstract in all operations
  • Fractions:
    • Comparison and operations
    • Mixed, proper/improper
    • Reducing/Simplifying
  • Decimals:
    • Comparisons and operations
    • Percentages
  • Practical applications in single and multistep problem solving
  • Time: equivalent and operations
  • Money: equivalent and operations
  • Interest: principal, rate, time
  • Computing squares and cubes of binomials and trinomials
  • Calculating square and cube roots
  • Beginning statistics: data gathering, graphing, and analysis
  • Ratios and proportions
  • Number theory:
    • Divisibility rules
    • Factors
    • Multiples
    • Primes
    • Composites
    • Estimation
    • Basic mathematical laws
  • Pre-algebra:
    • Symbols and order of operations
    • Negative numbers
    • Other Bases


  • Moving the body in integrated ways in folk dances
  • Reading and notating simple and complex rhythm patterns
  • Sight-reading pentatonic and extended pentatonic melodies using solfege and absolute note names in F, C, and G
  • Playing simple accompaniments and melodies on pitched Orff instruments
  • Playing simple rhythms on unpitched instruments
  • Vocal care and maintenance

Fine Arts

  • Art principles and elements
  • Expression through art materials and tools
  • Design, development and creation of original artworks
  • Use of a variety of media
  • Art history
  • Exploring art and artists through visuals and visitations
  • Evaluating artwork (students and major artists)


  • Advanced study of nomenclature
  • Geometric shapes: characteristics, measurements, and drawing
  • Concepts:
    • Points, lines, and angles
    • Surface and solids
  • Properties:
    • Triangles and quadrilaterals
    • Polygons and circles
  • Congruence, similarity, equality, equivalence, symmetry
  • Calculation: perimeter, area, volume
  • Theorem of Pythagoras
  • Measurement: length, weight, capacity, metric, and customary

Cultural Studies

  • History:
    • Fundamental needs of humans
    • Creation of the universe
  • Evolution of life and early humans
  • Migration charts
  • Civilizations:
    • Ancient civilizations
    • Mesopotamia and Egypt
    • Greece and Rome
    • Meosamerica
  • India, China:
    • North/South America
    • Native Americans
    • American explorers
    • Colonization
    • American Revolution
    • Westward expansion
  • Geography:
    • Physical geography
    • Continents
    • Countries
    • Advanced land and water forms
    • Biomes of the world
    • Cultural geography
    • Regions
    • Cultures
    • Natural resources
    • Economic geography
    • Natural resources
    • Imports/Exports

Language Arts

  • Reading skills:
    • Interpretive reading for comprehension
    • World’s classical children’s literature
    • Literature circles
  • Handwriting: routine use of proper cursive
  • Advanced grammar and sentence analysis:
    • Parts of speech
    • Subject/Predicate
    • Direct/Indirect object
    • Adjectival modifiers
    • Adverbial modifiers
  • Word study/Mechanics:
    • Capitalization
    • Punctuation
    • Prefix/Suffix
    • Homonyms
    • Etymology
  • Literary elements:
    • Genre
    • Plot
    • Conflict/resolution
    • Climax
    • Character analysis
    • Setting
  • Vocabulary
  • Spelling


  • Typing/Keyboarding
  • Parts of a computer
  • Windows Desktop Skills
  • Graphics and 3D rendering
  • Basic Animation
  • Reading comp w/Accelerated Reader
  • Database book searches
  • Digital Geography
  • Digital timelines
  • Microsoft Word, Power Point, Publisher and Excel
  • Digital photo manipulation
  • Digital sound recording and editing
  • Basic Internet usage: key words, hyperlinks, URL’s, etc.
  • Internet Research


  • Cardiovascular activities (i.e., pacing)
  • Introduction to core strengthening
  • Cooperative games
  • Increase flexibility
  • Foster good sportsmanship


  • Multi-step process for composition
  • Prewriting activities, rough draft, revision, editing, final draft
  • Compositions:
    • Paragraph form
    • Creative writing
    • Expository writing
    • Descriptive
    • Narrative
    • Persuasive
    • Five paragraph essay
  • Writing Journal
  • Letter Writing
  • Poetry


  • Vocabulary
  • Sentence formation
  • Symbolic grammar
  • Verb conjugation
  • Verb tenses
  • Common phrases
  • Dialogue creation and reading
  • Hispanic culture

Contact Us

Preschool / Kindergarten Elementary / Middle School 236 N. Swoope Avenue Maitland, FL 32751

(407) 628-0019